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ᬫѽ Ԭ ߬

ѡ 11 ""

Ѯ ެ No 1082

ԫ . ߬

ӡ ´

Ž.

I. ѡѡ Կ ᬫѽѮ Ԭ ߬.

II. ạ Կ ᬫѽѮ Ԭ ߬.

1) .

2) ᬫѽ CD-߬:

) CD-ROM;

) ߬ CD-R;

) MULTIMEDIA.

3) ᬫѽ ԫԿ߬ ߬.

III. ѡ ᬫѽѮ Ԭ ߬

Կ .

ᬫѽ Ԭ ߬.

ūԫ ѽѡ Ѽ Ѽ Ӽᵿ, Կ

߫ѡ᡿ ߽ѽ ա ٺὫ ѡ

Կ ޡѮ ἴԿ . ạѡ ߫ԫ ѡ

޿ѡ Ѽ ἴԿ ѡ ߡ󡫮 ᡡ

ӫѪԫ Ѻҽԫ, ӫἼ ߻ѡ. Ѽ ޡѮ ἴԿ

߫Ѽѡ ߽ѽ ޿ ߫ԡ ߴ , Ѽ

ѡѮ, Կ󡫮. ա߬ ӿԿ ޡѮ ἴԿ Ѽ

ѽ ѡ ӿԿ ѽ

߽ѽ Ѯ. ޡ ừڿ ӫ ߻

Կү ᡡټ, տ ѡ. ٮ

񻫽 ѻٮ ѡ ᡡټ Ѫ ޡѮ ἴ .

իӫޫ ԫ ᡿ ߬ ᬫѽ,

󽴯ߴ ӫἿ Ӵ һ -

Ӽᵿ ᬫѽ. ū ԫ ᡫߴ һټ

ӫ߫, 󽴯ߴ ߽ ӫἼ, ὿үڿ

ѿ ӫѮүڿ ӫ߫ӫ ߿ ᵿ

߿Ѽ. ѡѼ ӫѽԿ ӫ߫ӫ ߽ѡѼ ӫἼ

񫽪 ҽߴ ߻Ѽ Ԭ ߬. ӿ,

40 , ԫٮ 90- ի ԡү

ᵿ ӫ ԫ Ѽѡ, ߫ѡ Ӵ

ӫ ѽѮ ԫ ѼԿ.

ᬫѽ Ԭ ԡ ߬ (, ) 󽴯ߴ

߻ӫѡټ ߻Ѽټ Ԭ ߬

ޡ ѡ. ġ ạѡ ԫ ѡ Ӽᵿ,

߻Ѽ ӿ ӫ: ӫἼ ᵿ ߿Ѽ, ԫ

߻Ѽ ԫ ӫἼ, ԫӫ Ҽѡԫ, ߽ԫӫ ٬

ӫἼӫ᡿ .. ὿ Ԭ ߬ ѽ

ӫ.

߬ ߫ߴ 񡫮 ߬ Կ,

աԿ ԫ ԡټ ӿὫ, ѡټ Կ

. Կ ү աԿ ỿ߿ ߬. Ӽᵿ

ỿߴ ѡӿ߬ ӫ, ԫ ߴ

ԡ ӿ աԿ. աԿ

Ѽ 1000 ӫѬ, ӫ ỿߴ ߬

߿ӫᡡ 񽿡, Ѽ ѬԫἿ. ԫ Կߴ

߬ Ӭӫ, ᬿ ӫѺ Կ ߬,

ԫ, ỿѼ Ἷ ӫ. ٮ ԫ

Ԭ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ, ԫӫ - ӫἼ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ. Ѫ

Ѽ ߬ ӫἼ ẼԬ Ѭԫӫ ߻, 񫽪ѡ

Ӽӫ, ӼԿӫ, ỿ߿ ӫ

Ӭӫ, Լڿ ԫѡ Ѭԫӫ.

Ӵ ᬫ ᡿ᵿ Ӽᵿ ᬿ ӫ

ỿߴ ߽ѽ ᡿ᡡ ߫һԿ

ٮ Ӽᵿ ߬ ѡ ӿ Ҭ᡿ ߻ѵ

, ѯ ߽үڿ Կ: 1) Կ; 2) ա

Կ (ա ); 3) ӫ աԿ; 4)

Ѭԫ ӫ. ᡿ Ӽᵿ ߬ ߴ ߿Ѽ

ѡ-ỿ߿. ү ߬ ߿Ѽ 񡫮

ա. Կ Ѽߴ ߴ

(үߴ) ӫ, ԫӫ 񫽪 ӫѡ

᡿. ߬ ԫ ߴ, ԫ һ ᬫ-

Ѭԫ ӿիߴ , Ҫٮ Ѭԫ ӫ 󬫮 ѡ-

ỿ߿.

ԡ Ѽߴ ѡ ӫ, ԫ ԫ 񫽿

Ѭҡ ᡿ Ѽѡ ѡ ޡ ӫ.

ӫ ԫ, ߬ ߴ ӫ, ߫ 5 - 100

ӫԫ Ѭҡ. Ѻҽ ԫ ߬ӫ ᡡ

߫ 300 / . һ

Ӽᵿ ߬ 񫽿 Ѭҡ, ߻Ҵ ӫٮ һ -

һ ߴ Ӵ, Ѻ߿ ѡ ߬;

ԫӫ, Ѭԫ ߬ Ѻỿ,

Ӽᵿ Ѭԫ.

ѡ ߡ Կ ᡡټ 23.01.1995 . ߫󿽿

70$ Ѽ 20 4300$ Ѽ 9 , ..

ѡ 1 իߴ Ѽ 50 ѡԫ. ԼԿ, ԫ

ӫ ѽ , ޿ Ѯ ү .. ߬ ߿Ѽ

Ѽ 60 , ߬ ߿Ѽ ߫ Ѽټ

ᬫѽ. Ѭԫ ߽ 󫽴 ѡ

Ԭ ᡿, Ѽ .

Ѯ ޿ӫ ߻ӫѡ ᬫѽ ߬ CD-ROM.

ġ ԡߴߴ ӫ WORM (Write-Once, Read-Many). ߬ CD-ROM

ի Һ٬ ԫ󽴯ߴ ԫ ա. ߬ CD-

ROM ӫ ӡ ߬. -߬ ᡡ

үߴ ỿߴ ߽ѽԿ ڿ

ѫڿ Ԭ. ߽ѽ ߻ߴ

߫᡿Ѽ 񽫪 Ӽ, ԫ Ӽ Ѽ ߬

ڿ Ԭ (lands) ѫڿ ѡ (pits). Ѽ 񽫪

ߴ ԫڿ ώټ ߽Ѽ ᡿ѽټ ߽Ѽ

ӿ, ԫӫ ߴ ԿԬ.

߬ CD-ROM ỿ (ߡ)

(ߡ) ߫. 櫫ѡ ߬ CD-ROM

ߡټ ߡټ. ߡ ԫ

߬, ỿᡡ , , ߡ

߬, ỿᡡ ߬ ߫. ū ߬ӫԡټ ӿԿ

ẽ 1-, 2-, 3-, 4- ߬ӫԡ ߬ CD-ROM. 欫ӫ

ᡡ ߫ѡ 150, 300, 450 600 /.

᡿ ԫѡ ߬ CD-ROM ԫ ӫ,

ԫ ٽ ԫ ỿ߿ ߻ѵ ԫѡٮ,

Ѽٮ ߬ CD-R. ߡ󡫼 ỿ߿ ߻ߴ ԫ:

ٮ ߡ ٪᡿ ӫ߬߬ ӫѬ

աԿ ԫ ώ߬ ߽ Կ, ԫټ

߻ѡ Կ 񽫪; ԫӫ ԫ ߡ Կ

߻ѡ իߴ ԫ ώ߬ Կ ѡ

Լ߫ ߽, Ѻҽ үߴ ѡ. ūߴ

Ԭ ѫᬫ ڿ ӡٮ , ԫ ẽ

߬ 0 1. CD-R - ԫ ߬ ߿ѽ,

߻ӫѡ ߽ Ѽ. ӿ ỿ߿ ᬫ CD-R ߿ӫᡡټ

ڡټ ӡټ Ѽ ߴ ޿ Կ ߽ ߿ѽ.

߿ѽ ѻ ߼Ѫ 񽫪, ѮѼ ԫӫ

ѡ ѿ . Դ,

ڿߴ ӫ, 񽫪 ߴ ӫ ӿ ᡿ ᡡ

ӻ߬ . ū߽񡿮 ӫի ԫ ԫ ߽, ,

, Ѻ 񽫪 ԫѽٮ .

߬ CD-R ѯ Ӵ ѿ 񿵿ټ ӫἿ

񡫬ԡ ỿ (WORM) ԫԿ߬ ᬫѽ. ա CD-

R ὿ ӫԫ ᬫѽ ѡ ᡡ. ߬ CD-

R ߬ CD-ROM (ᬫ ѡ ߬ Photo

CD, ỿᡡ ߬ ߫, Ҫѡ ߡٮ ߬).

Խ ԫԿ߬ ߿ѽѮ, ߬ CD-R ѽ ᴡ

"". ԫ ԫ ѡ Ӽᵿ CD-R

߫ 3 ѡԫ, ԫ ԫԿ߬ ߿ѽѮ

ү 10 ѡԫ.

߬ CD-R ߻үߴ ỿ߿ ա Photo CD. 諼-

߬ Photo CD ߫ߴ ᡡ Ӽ Kodak Ѭ.

ԫ Ѭ 󫺼 ӫ 35- ߽ Կ

߿ټ ѡѼ 2048 ӫ 3072 ԫ ӫ ӿ 12

ү ԫү ߫󽴯ү ( Ӽᵿ Ѭߴ ᡿

8 ߫󽴯ү). 񡫼 ߬ Photo CD Ẽߴ 100 150

ߡ (߽ ӡ-ѽ ߡ ߬ ޿, ߬

ӡ-ѽٮ ߡ ߫Ӫ ѡ Ӽᵿ, Ѽ ԡ).

-߬ ᡡ ỿߴ ѡ Һү ( 100

ԫ ѽ߬ 󫽫) ߻ү ӫ, 񽿡 ԫӫ, ߽

ӡ, ߫ 5 . ߬ ӫү ԡү

񽫪, ԫ ӿ Ѽ Ԭ (ӫ ԫ, Ӵ ὿

ỿ աԿ ߬ ߴ ߬Կ

), ڿ ώ߬ ߽ ڿԡٮ ߽

ӿ Կ.

ѡ ߬ CD-ROM 23.01.1995 . ߫ 140$ 1-

߬ӫԡ 785$ 4-߬ӫԡ ߬. ߽ , ԫ ԫ

߬ CD-ROM ߴ 20$ ԫ ѡ 1 CD-ROM իߴ 3 ѡ,

ԫ 47 ѡԫ Ѽ .

Ӵ CD-ROM CD-R ᡫߴ ӫ MULTIMEDIA

ҽԿ񿮡 ߿Ѽ. Ѵ MULTIMEDIA ԫ, ԫ ѽ

߻ӿ Ӽᵿ Ѽѡ. - ԫ ѫѼѼ

ѡԫ ѽ ᡫߴ Ѽ. ҽԿ

ѡ Ѯ ѽѼ, ߬ Ѽ

᪡ ߫󽴯Ѯ ԫ ӿ ѡ Ӽᵿ ѽ,

, ӫ, ӿ ӻᵿ Ѯ. , ߽ ӫ

ӫ᡿ Ҭ Ӽᵿ ѽ ᪿ "޿"

(ᬵ Ӽᵿ), ԫ ѡ Կ Ҭ ԫ ԫ

Ҭ ӫ, ԫټ ῼѮ ѽ. ԫ

߽ ߻ӫѡ ߿Ѽ REALTIME (

Ѽ), ῼѮүڿ ѽѼ Ѽѡ.

ҽԿ񿮡 ߿Ѽ ạټ Ἷ Ӽᵿ: Ѭԫ,

, ѫ, Ҭ. ߽ Ӽᵿ ѯ ޫ Ѽ

᡿Ѽ ἴԿ ߿ѽ. ūԡ, ԫ ᡿

Եӫᡡ ѫ Ҭ ߽ެ ӫ, ߬

ӡ ߬ ӫѼ.

ԫ CD-ROM 񿡴 ᬫѽ

ԫԿ߬ ߬. ԫԿ߬ ߬ ߼ѡ, ޫ ѼԿ,

ӫ ԫ Կ ỿ. ᬫѽ ԡټ (ԿѼټ)

߿ѽѼ ỿ ߴ ߽ټ ߻߫, 󫽴ڿ Ѻỿ

Ӽᵿ . ٮ , ᬫѽ ӫ ỿ

Ӽᵿ, ӡٮ ԫ ỿ߿, ӿѼ Ѽѡ ԫ

ԫ ߴ Ѯ ԡ . Կ ԡ ߽

աԿ ߬, իڿߴ Լ߫ټ ԿѼ, ߴ

ѮѼ ԡ ߿үߴ ᬫ ߫ԫ ,

ӫߴ ỿ Ӽᵿ ߽үڿ .

߿Կ ӫ ѡ - ԫ, ѮѼ

ӡ ٽ ߿ӫ Կ ԡ ߽ -

ߴ 񿡿 . Խ ӫ, ỿ

ӫߴ ӿ ӫ ߬: Կ᡿, ỿ ӫ. ūԡ ԫ

ỿ ߿ ߡ ӫѮ ᬫѽ.

ԡ߿ѽ ӫѮ, 󡿼 ӫѮѼ

߬ CD-ROM, ѽ ᬿ ӫ ѻӿټ ӿѡѡ

ߡ󡫮 ޡѮ ἴԿ. ԫ ԫѽ ߫ ѡ

󽴯ߴ ټ ԬἿ, ԫ Կ ѡ߿үߴ ޿

ѼԴ ѽ ԡټ . ԫ ᬫѽ

ԫԿ߬ ߬ ߴ 1475$ ᬫѽ Ѽ 130

22430$ ᬫѽ Ѽ 5200 .

ԫ Ѽ ᬫѽ Ԭ ߬ ᡫߴ ߡټ

Ἷ ᡿ Ӽᵿ. Ӵ һ Ӽᵿ, ߫ ߬ӫ

ѡ ᡡ, Ѽ - ԫ ѽ ᬫѽ Ԭ

߬ ӿѬѽټ ѽ. ڿ ᡿

ӫἼ ߻ѡ ҽߴ ӿԿ ᬫѽѮ. Ѭԫ

ӫἼ Ѯ ү 30 ӫѮүѮ ޡѮ ἴԿ,

ᬿ- 6-7 Ѻ ,

Ӽ. ߫ӫѽ ᮽ-, ߬

ᡵ, ѽ߬ ߿Ѽ . ᬫ

Ӽᵿ, ԫ Ѻ ޡѮ ἴԿ ߫ ӿԿἿ Կ.

߻ᡡ : 2'93, 9'93, 4'93, 5'90;

..ӡ IBM PC ѽ 4- ᡿; MEGA PRO et CONTRA

23'1'95; ߻ѬԿ Կ ߽ѽ ա 衿 9 ޡ

ừڿ ӫ ԡ ߿ѽ.





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