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Главная > География > Kazakhstan

География : Kazakhstan



It is situated both in Asia and in Europe. The territory of it’s as

largest as the territories of Italy, Spain, France, Portugal and Greece

taken together. Kazakhstan borders on Kirgizia, Uzbikistan, Turkministan in

the south, China in the east and Russia in the north. There are a lot of

hills, mountains on its territory. The greatest of them are the Alatow,

Tian-Shian mountains, besides there are long rivers in my country. The main

rivers are the Ural, the Irtysh, the Tobol, the Syrdaria. The Kaspian sea,

the largest lake in the world is situated in my country too. Besides this

famous lake there are such lakes as the Balhash, the Issyck-Kul. The Aral

sea is situated in Kazakhstan too. Some years ago, is was large and

beatiful, and nowadays the government of Kazakhstan suffers about the Aral

sea’s future. Many people, hearing about Kazakhstan, think about steppes

and villages, but it’s not true. I think, our president is to do something

for glory of our country, cause some people don’t know, where my country

is, it’s bad. In the north of Kazakhstan, winters are very cold and summers

are very hot, and there are more rains in the north and east of Kazakhstan,

but in the south there almost no rains. Kazakhstan has coal, oil, gas, gold

and other minerals, which now are richening. Coal industry is developed in

Mangyshlack. Chemical industry is highly developed in Tshymkent and

Karaganda. Agriculture is also developed in my country. Fruits, vegetables

are grown here. Cattle farming and sheep farming are very important here

too. The population of Kazakhstan more than 16 million people. My country

is a multinational state. More than one hundred nationalities live here.

Kazakhstan is an independent state, it got it’s independence on 16 of

December in 1995 year. It’s new constitution was adopted in 1993 on 28th of

January. The first president of our state is Nazarbaev. The flag of

Kazakhstan consists of 2 color: yellow and blue. There is an eagle in the

center and kazakh ornament in the left. The eagle flyes under the sun,

which mean the freedom of country. The capitol of our country is Astana, it

became a capitol in 1998, after Almaty. Almaty is a city of a million

people, a big administrative economic and cultural center of my country.

One can observe the entire city from the top of the hill Zailiiskiy Alatay.

Almaty is known for highly developed engineering, metal-working, wood-

working, light, food and printing industries. Machines made at the Almaty

Heavy Machine Building plant are supplied to scores of foreign countries.

Almaty today is a city of higher schools and research institutes. Over

100000 young people attend the higher and secondary specialized schools.

Rich is the cultural life of the city. The theatre has become an important

part of the city’s life. Every night there go on the lights of the national

opera, the Kazakh and Russian dramas, the Korean, the Young audience

Theatre, the Concert halls get crowded. The biggest book depository here is

the Pushkin library. Almaty is a garden city: the city especially nice in

spring when everything is in blossom. The evening cool of the summer and

the mountain breeze invite you for a walk about the streets, boulevards and

square of the city. Autumn is beautiful with golden leaves and aroma of

Apart apples. Winter in the city, though not lasting, but frosty and snowy

is beautiful too. Practically every Almaty teenager goes skating and skiing

at this season of the year, the high attitude “Medeu” skating-ring is

admirable the whole year round. This sports complex is known all over the

world. It meets it guests with warm and sun, presents them with happy

laughter of children. It grows better year by year. And now about Astana:

Astana is the capitol of Kazakhstan. First, it called Tselinograd, then

Akmola and now Astana, cause Astana means capitol in Kazakh. It is the

center of Akmola region. It was founded as Tselinograd in 1960s. Now Astana

is a great administrative industrial and scientific center. It is the sit

of the parliament government and the president of our country. The

population of the city is more than 277.000 people. Since Astana has become

the capitol of the country mane new multistoried buildings are constantly

appear here. I didn’t visit Astana, but I want, cause people say, that

after becoming a capitol it became a great city. Other largest cities are:

Aktobe, Karaganda, Semipolatinsk. Kazakhstan is country, where I was born

and I live here for the length of my life. We are proud of our country

believe in its future.

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